Nike Air Jordan 5 V "Grape"DS New Size 12 136027-108,NIKE AIR MAX 97 MEN'S SHOE - Dark Grey/Wolf Grey/Gym Red/White/Black,2001 Nike Air Jordan Retro III Black Cement BC3 Cracked Tabs 136064 001 Sz 9.5NIKE Men's AIR Vapormax Flyknit Running Shoe Midnight Fog/Black (8.5 D(M) US),New Nike Roshe Run Custom Red Black Gray Tribal Edition Men Sizes 8 - 15,Nike Air More Uptempo Black 3M Size 10.5. 414962-004 Jordan Kobe Pippen,Nike AIr Jordan 7 Low NRG Taxi Yellow SIZE US 11AIR JORDAN 7 RETRO "TINKER ALTERNATE OLYMPIC" 304775-123 Size 10.5,Nike Dunk High Pro SB Thrashin Mork and Mindy Cigar Skunk Olympic Supreme Sz 11,DS Air Jordan Retro 7 Cardinal Style 304775-104 Sz 9.5 2011 Release,Nike Air Jordan 4 Laser Size 10.5,NEW NIKE AIR JORDAN 3 III RETRO LS 'COOL GREY” MENS US SIZE 11Air jordan 4s OBSIDIAN PRM SIZE 11.5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 yeezyNikeLab X Acronym Lunar Air Force 1 Low AF100 AJ6247-100 SIZE 10.5 SHIPS NOW,Nike Zoom Generation 1 LEBRON FIRST GAME Retro QS Deadstock BNIB size 10,Nike SF Air Force 1 High '17 Men's Midnight Navy/Midnight Navy/Black 64024400,NEW Men's SZ 10.5 NIKE KOBE X GREY BLACK PAIN Tumbled Grey Silver 705317-001,Supreme Nike SB Gato FW18 Size 8.5 White,nike kobe 10 What The Size 8,Nike NikeLab ACG 07 KMTR Komyuter Black White 902776 001 Sz 13Nike Epic React Flyknit Belgium Volt Racer Blue Emerald Mens Trainers AT0054 700,NEW NIKE AIR JORDAN RETRO 11 XI 72-10 WIN LIKE 96 82 SPACE JAM CONCORD SZ 11.5Nike Vapor Max ARR Midnight Fog from japan (4283,Kobe XI Mamba Day iD (11) Nike Size 10.5, Lunarlon Insole,Nike Air Jordan Retro Basketball Shoes 15 XV Black Gold (Laser) Size 11,AIR JORDAN 3 TINKER NRG "Tinker Hatfield" AQ3835-160 DEAD-STOCK size 9,Air Jordan Trainer ST G Wolf Grey White Gunsmoke Golf AH7747-001 Mens Size 8.5,Nike Air Special Force One High top AF1 3M Flyknit racer 95 Max 10 9 90 lunar AFNike Air Jordan 29 ‘MTM Pack’ Size 11.5 (Michael, Tinker, Mark),Travis Scott Air Force 1 Size 12 Brand New Shoes.,

NIKE ZOOM VAPOR RF X AJ3 AIR JORDAN 3 "ROGER [709998-106] FEDERER" WHITE SZ 6 [709998-106] "ROGER 4f8709

Researchers talk of ‘biological annihilation’ as study reveals billions of populations of animals have been lost in recent decades

This article is over 1 year old
Nike Air Max LD-Zero Obsidian White HTM Hiroshi Fujiwara 848624 410 Sz 8.5,

A “biological annihilation” of wildlife in recent decades means a sixth mass extinction in Earth’s history is under way and is more severe than previously feared, according to research.

Scientists analysed both common and rare species and found billions of regional or local populations have been lost. They blame human overpopulation and overconsumption for the crisis and warn that it threatens the survival of human civilisation, with just a short window of time in which to act.

The study, published in the peer-reviewed journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, eschews the normally sober tone of scientific papers and calls the massive loss of wildlife a “biological annihilation” that represents a “frightening assault on the foundations of human civilisation”.

Prof Gerardo Ceballos, at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, who led the work, said: “The situation has become so bad it would not be ethical not to use strong language.”

Previous studies have shown species are becoming extinct at a significantly faster rate than for millions of years before, but even so extinctions remain relatively rare giving the impression of a gradual loss of biodiversity. The new work instead takes a broader view, assessing many common species which are losing populations all over the world as their ranges shrink, but remain present elsewhere.

The scientists found that a third of the thousands of species losing populations are not currently considered endangered and that up to 50% of all individual animals have been lost in recent decades. Detailed data is available for land mammals, and almost half of these have lost 80% of their range in the last century. The scientists found billions of populations of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians have been lost all over the planet, leading them to say a sixth mass extinction has already progressed further than was thought.

The scientists conclude: “The resulting biological annihilation obviously will have serious ecological, economic and social consequences. Humanity will eventually pay a very high price for the decimation of the only assemblage of life that we know of in the universe.”

They say, while action to halt the decline remains possible, the prospects do not look good: “All signs point to ever more powerful assaults on biodiversity in the next two decades, painting a dismal picture of the future of life, including human life.”

Freeman was part of the team that produced a 2014 analysis of 3000 species that indicated that 50% of individual animals have been lost since 1970, which tallies with the new work but was based on different IUCN data. He agreed strong language is needed: “We need people to be aware of the catastrophic declines we are seeing. I do think there is a place for that within the [new] paper, although it’s a fine line to draw.”

Citing human overpopulation as the root cause of environmental problems has long been controversial, and Ehrlich’s 1968 statement that hundreds of millions of people would die of starvation in the 1970s did not come to pass, partly due to new high-yielding crops that Ehrlich himself had noted as possible.

Ehrlich has acknowledged “flaws” in The Population Bomb but said it had been successful in its central aim – alerting people to global environmental issues and the the role of human population in them. His message remains blunt today: “Show me a scientist who claims there is no population problem and I’ll show you an idiot.”