NIKE LEBRON 13 XIII MIDNIGHT NAVY BLUE VARSITY RED WHITE USA 807219 461 SZ 11,Nike Air Foamposite 1 Copper,NIKE LF1 DUCKBOOT '17 Mens Boot 916682-203 Ridgerock US 11 NewEP: Air Jordan 13 Alternate History of Flight Size 12.5,Nike Air Max 90 Premium Running Shoes Thunder Blue Ale Mens,Nike Men's Roshe Two Flyknit V2 Running Shoe Khaki Olive ~FREE SHIPPING~,Nike Air Huarache Shark Anthracite White 318429-022 Shoes Mens 9.5,[AH8050 301] NEW MEN'S NIKE AIR MAX 270 OLIVE CANVAS GOLDEN MOSS BLACK LE10752001 Air Jordan Retro 11 XI Low Cherry 9 Snake Nightshade Bred DMP Concord Prom,Supreme Nike SB AF2 Low Brand New DS US sz 9.5 AA0871 313 Air Force 2 Wow!,Nike Zoom KD VI, Basketball Durant Orange , Mens 13,Nike Brand New Mens Air Max 97/Plus AH8144-300 Mica Green/Rose Size 9,nike air jordan spike forty mens hi top basketball trainers 819952 605 sneakers,Nike Zoom Fly Mens Running Shoes Men Gunsmoke Bright Crimson 880848-004 NEW,Nike SF Air Force 1 Hi Men's Boot AR1955-100 SZ 10 100% AUTHENTIC,2008 NIKE HYPERDUNK ID WHITE ROYAL BLUE US 8.5 373350-991 kobe pe supreme black,NIKE AIR MAX 90 PREMIUM "MEDIUM OLIVE" (700155 202) MEN'S TRAINERSClassic 2003 Used Worn Size 12 Nike Terminator Hi Shoes White & Medium Grey,Nike Air Jordan XXXII Low Win Like 96 University Red White SZ 8.5 AA1256-603,Nike Kyrie 4 IV YOTM Year Of The Monkey Anthracite Black 943806-011 sz 8-13,Nike Air Jordan Retro White Cement 3 III Men’s Size 16,Nike Kyrie 3 TB "max" - 917724 001Nike Air Force 270 Black Metallic Silver White Shoes -Size 14 -AH6772 001 Womens Air Max 95 - 30760 001 - Grey Purple Trainers,Nike kyrie 4 "All stars" DS multi-color limited edition(AQ8623-001)SZ 9.5 men's,Nike Free Trainer V7 Mens Running Trainers 898053 Sneakers Shoes 403Mens Nike SB Zoom Janoski Digi Floral OG RARE UK9 US10 EU44 Black Skater Shoes,2017 NIKE AIR JORDAN VII RETRO 7 SZ 11.5 BLUE PANTONE UNC 304775-400Nike Air Max 2017(NOT2018) Men's Sneakers Running Trainers Dark Green,Nike Lebron Air Zoom Generation ASG QS Wheat/Gold AQ0110-700 Size 12 Vnds,

nike air presto mens sneakers running trainers 848132 611 sneakers mens shoes 5b6faa

Researchers talk of ‘biological annihilation’ as study reveals billions of populations of animals have been lost in recent decades

This article is over 1 year old
Mens Nike Air Huarache Drift BR AO1133 002 Trainers Black Shoes,

A “biological annihilation” of wildlife in recent decades means a sixth mass extinction in Earth’s history is under way and is more severe than previously feared, according to research.

Scientists analysed both common and rare species and found billions of regional or local populations have been lost. They blame human overpopulation and overconsumption for the crisis and warn that it threatens the survival of human civilisation, with just a short window of time in which to act.

The study, published in the peer-reviewed journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, eschews the normally sober tone of scientific papers and calls the massive loss of wildlife a “biological annihilation” that represents a “frightening assault on the foundations of human civilisation”.

Prof Gerardo Ceballos, at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, who led the work, said: “The situation has become so bad it would not be ethical not to use strong language.”

Previous studies have shown species are becoming extinct at a significantly faster rate than for millions of years before, but even so extinctions remain relatively rare giving the impression of a gradual loss of biodiversity. The new work instead takes a broader view, assessing many common species which are losing populations all over the world as their ranges shrink, but remain present elsewhere.

The scientists found that a third of the thousands of species losing populations are not currently considered endangered and that up to 50% of all individual animals have been lost in recent decades. Detailed data is available for land mammals, and almost half of these have lost 80% of their range in the last century. The scientists found billions of populations of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians have been lost all over the planet, leading them to say a sixth mass extinction has already progressed further than was thought.

The scientists conclude: “The resulting biological annihilation obviously will have serious ecological, economic and social consequences. Humanity will eventually pay a very high price for the decimation of the only assemblage of life that we know of in the universe.”

They say, while action to halt the decline remains possible, the prospects do not look good: “All signs point to ever more powerful assaults on biodiversity in the next two decades, painting a dismal picture of the future of life, including human life.”

Freeman was part of the team that produced a 2014 analysis of 3000 species that indicated that 50% of individual animals have been lost since 1970, which tallies with the new work but was based on different IUCN data. He agreed strong language is needed: “We need people to be aware of the catastrophic declines we are seeing. I do think there is a place for that within the [new] paper, although it’s a fine line to draw.”

Citing human overpopulation as the root cause of environmental problems has long been controversial, and Ehrlich’s 1968 statement that hundreds of millions of people would die of starvation in the 1970s did not come to pass, partly due to new high-yielding crops that Ehrlich himself had noted as possible.

Ehrlich has acknowledged “flaws” in The Population Bomb but said it had been successful in its central aim – alerting people to global environmental issues and the the role of human population in them. His message remains blunt today: “Show me a scientist who claims there is no population problem and I’ll show you an idiot.”