Nike Air Max 2015 Black/White 8.5 M US (698902 001)Nike Air Foamposite Pro Gym Green Size 10.5 624041-302 Pine Brown,Nike Sf Af1 Mid Black Grey Mens Trainers - 917753-008,Nike SB Zoom Dunk Low Pro Size 11.5 Medium Olive Black Gum Camo 854866 209 NIB,Nike Flyknit Trainer Oreo Black White AH8396-005 US Mens 11,Nike Air Max Plus Tn Men’s Shoes Tuned White /Black-Red 898018-100 multi Size,Nike MEN'S Free Run Motion Flyknit 2018 SIZE 10 BRAND NEW RARE SAMPLE SHOE,Nike Zoom Mariah Flyknit Racer Mens Running Trainers 918264 Sneakers Shoes 010,Air Jordan 4 Retro Dunk From Above Navy Gold White Size 8 308497 425 See Dscrptn,Nike Air Jordan 8 retroNike LeBron 10 Pure Platinum Size 10,Nike Air Max 1 Print Size 11 White Game Royal Grey AQ0927 100 We Love Nike NIB,Nike Lebron Soldier 12 XII SVSM Home Mens AO2609-100 White Green Shoes Size 11.5,Vintage Nike Air Trainer 1 Florida Gators Gator Country Size Mens 11 Blue/Orange,Nike Air Jordan 13 Retro Olive Size 12 Black Gym Red Light Olive 414571 006,Nike Lebron XIV Low EP 14 James USA 4th Of July Navy Gold Red Men 878635-400,Nike Air Max 95 Essential Rev. Stash Pure Platinum Blue Black 749766 026 UnisexNike Lebron X P.S. Elite Total Crimson Volt White South Beach 579827-800 Sz 10,NIKE AIR JORDAN WHY NOT ZER0.1 "COTTON SHOT" ORANGE PULSE SZ 8 [AA2510-800]NIKE AIR MAX 97 BLACK/BLACK-TOTAL ORANGE-WHITE (JUST DO IT) AT8437-001 NEW 2018Nike Air Max Speed Turf Black White 525225-011 Size 14,Nike Air Jordan Retro 6 Size 9-15 Chameleon All Star AS Gotta Shine 907961-015,NIKE AIR ZOOM GENERATION QS AJ4204-001 LeBron James "First Game" Men's BRAND NEW,Nike Hyperlive EP [820284-011] Basketball Cool Grey/Orange-White,Nike Air Vapormax SZ 8 ah9046-003 Running Shoes Max Black/White,*NEW Nike Mercurial Superfly V FG Soccer Cleats Purple Orange SZ 10 (831940-585),Nike Air Force 1 Ultraforce CRFT [896175-002] Men Casual Shoes Black/White,Nike Lebron XII Low University Red Men’s Size 10Men’s Nike Vandal High Supreme Vintage 325317-331 Size 9Nike Air Jordan 13 Dirty Bred Size 9,

Nike Men's Hyperdunk 2015 Basketball Basketball 2015 Shoe d40659

Researchers talk of ‘biological annihilation’ as study reveals billions of populations of animals have been lost in recent decades

This article is over 1 year old
Nike Air Humara '17 Black/Varsity Maize AJ1102-001 Size 8.5 UK,

A “biological annihilation” of wildlife in recent decades means a sixth mass extinction in Earth’s history is under way and is more severe than previously feared, according to research.

Scientists analysed both common and rare species and found billions of regional or local populations have been lost. They blame human overpopulation and overconsumption for the crisis and warn that it threatens the survival of human civilisation, with just a short window of time in which to act.

The study, published in the peer-reviewed journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, eschews the normally sober tone of scientific papers and calls the massive loss of wildlife a “biological annihilation” that represents a “frightening assault on the foundations of human civilisation”.

Prof Gerardo Ceballos, at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, who led the work, said: “The situation has become so bad it would not be ethical not to use strong language.”

Previous studies have shown species are becoming extinct at a significantly faster rate than for millions of years before, but even so extinctions remain relatively rare giving the impression of a gradual loss of biodiversity. The new work instead takes a broader view, assessing many common species which are losing populations all over the world as their ranges shrink, but remain present elsewhere.

The scientists found that a third of the thousands of species losing populations are not currently considered endangered and that up to 50% of all individual animals have been lost in recent decades. Detailed data is available for land mammals, and almost half of these have lost 80% of their range in the last century. The scientists found billions of populations of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians have been lost all over the planet, leading them to say a sixth mass extinction has already progressed further than was thought.

The scientists conclude: “The resulting biological annihilation obviously will have serious ecological, economic and social consequences. Humanity will eventually pay a very high price for the decimation of the only assemblage of life that we know of in the universe.”

They say, while action to halt the decline remains possible, the prospects do not look good: “All signs point to ever more powerful assaults on biodiversity in the next two decades, painting a dismal picture of the future of life, including human life.”

Freeman was part of the team that produced a 2014 analysis of 3000 species that indicated that 50% of individual animals have been lost since 1970, which tallies with the new work but was based on different IUCN data. He agreed strong language is needed: “We need people to be aware of the catastrophic declines we are seeing. I do think there is a place for that within the [new] paper, although it’s a fine line to draw.”

Citing human overpopulation as the root cause of environmental problems has long been controversial, and Ehrlich’s 1968 statement that hundreds of millions of people would die of starvation in the 1970s did not come to pass, partly due to new high-yielding crops that Ehrlich himself had noted as possible.

Ehrlich has acknowledged “flaws” in The Population Bomb but said it had been successful in its central aim – alerting people to global environmental issues and the the role of human population in them. His message remains blunt today: “Show me a scientist who claims there is no population problem and I’ll show you an idiot.”