Nike Lebron XII 12 $200 COURT VISION Black White Bright Crimson 9.5 684593 016NIKE Vapor Untouchable 2 TD Mid White Purple Flyweave Football Cleats Men 8.5 12,Nike Air Max Plus 604133-050 TN Tuner AIR 98 97 Triple Black,Nike Air Force 1 SF AF1 Black Men’s 11,Nike Air Foamposite One Optic Yellow Wu Tang Size 9.5,Nike OBJ Men's Air Force 1 Sneakers Mid 17 Laser Orange US 12 High Top Shoes,Nike Flyknit Racer White Pure Platinum Size 8,Nike Air Max Uptempo Men Hi Top Basketball Trainers 311090 005 Sneaker CLEARANCE,Nyjah Free Blue Fury Nike SB Nyjah Huston Size 10,Nike PG 2 AJ2039-003 Men's Sizes US 7 ~ 14 / Brand New in Box!!!Nike Lebron 14 XIV Flip the Switch White Red Black Sz 10.5 852405-103Nike Air Jordan 1 Retro BHM BLACK HISTORY MONTH GOLD 908656-001 sz 12 EQUALITY,Nike Men's Air Force 270 Basketball Shoe,Nike MEN'S Stefan Janoski Max L DB DOERNBECHER Deep Royal Blue SIZE 9 NEW,NIKE AIR FORCE 1 LOW RETRO CT16 QS "MOSES MALONE" NBA PACK SZ 10.5 [AQ5107-100],Nike Men's Stefan Janoski Max Skate Shoe Midnight Navy/Midnight Navy/White,NIKE AIR JORDAN SPIZIKE iD BLACK-HOT PINK SZ 11.5 [605236-991]Nike Air Jordan VII 7 NEW IN BOX Sz 13 (7's only)Kith x Nike Air Maestro 2 II High Size 8 Purple Scottie Pippen Retro,NIKE TERMINATOR HIGH VNTG Size 39 (6US),nike air jordan future boot mens basketball trainers 854554 600 CLEARANCE,Nike Men's Lebron Soldier 11 SFG "Preheat" Black/Black Size 10 897646 001,NIKE SUPERFLY 6 ELITE FG AH7365107 WHITE COOL GREY ORANGE SOCCER CLEATS SZ 11,Nike Free RN Flyknit 2017 Men's Black/White/Volt 80843003,NIKE FREE FLYKNIT MERCURIAL BLACK/DARK GREY-ORNAGE SIZE MEN'S 11.5 [805554-008]Nike Free Trainer V7 898053003 black halfshoes,Nike Air Max 1 VT QS Size 6 UK BNIB Authentic Genuine TrainersNEW Nike Air More Uptempo Barley Green White Basketball Shoes Mens Size 10.5,NIKE AIR HUARACHE DRIFT PREMIUM MEN's CASUAL BLACK - RUSH VIOLET - RUSH ORANGE,Nike Free Huarache Carnivore Sp Zapatillas Running Hombre 801759 413 Zapatillas,

NIKE Cross Men's Flex Control Ii Cross NIKE Trainer - Choose SZ/Color 5213d5

Researchers talk of ‘biological annihilation’ as study reveals billions of populations of animals have been lost in recent decades

This article is over 1 year old
Air Max 1 Premium Pendleton 918620-541 Medium Fuchsia Size US 10 New,

A “biological annihilation” of wildlife in recent decades means a sixth mass extinction in Earth’s history is under way and is more severe than previously feared, according to research.

Scientists analysed both common and rare species and found billions of regional or local populations have been lost. They blame human overpopulation and overconsumption for the crisis and warn that it threatens the survival of human civilisation, with just a short window of time in which to act.

The study, published in the peer-reviewed journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, eschews the normally sober tone of scientific papers and calls the massive loss of wildlife a “biological annihilation” that represents a “frightening assault on the foundations of human civilisation”.

Prof Gerardo Ceballos, at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, who led the work, said: “The situation has become so bad it would not be ethical not to use strong language.”

Previous studies have shown species are becoming extinct at a significantly faster rate than for millions of years before, but even so extinctions remain relatively rare giving the impression of a gradual loss of biodiversity. The new work instead takes a broader view, assessing many common species which are losing populations all over the world as their ranges shrink, but remain present elsewhere.

The scientists found that a third of the thousands of species losing populations are not currently considered endangered and that up to 50% of all individual animals have been lost in recent decades. Detailed data is available for land mammals, and almost half of these have lost 80% of their range in the last century. The scientists found billions of populations of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians have been lost all over the planet, leading them to say a sixth mass extinction has already progressed further than was thought.

The scientists conclude: “The resulting biological annihilation obviously will have serious ecological, economic and social consequences. Humanity will eventually pay a very high price for the decimation of the only assemblage of life that we know of in the universe.”

They say, while action to halt the decline remains possible, the prospects do not look good: “All signs point to ever more powerful assaults on biodiversity in the next two decades, painting a dismal picture of the future of life, including human life.”

Freeman was part of the team that produced a 2014 analysis of 3000 species that indicated that 50% of individual animals have been lost since 1970, which tallies with the new work but was based on different IUCN data. He agreed strong language is needed: “We need people to be aware of the catastrophic declines we are seeing. I do think there is a place for that within the [new] paper, although it’s a fine line to draw.”

Citing human overpopulation as the root cause of environmental problems has long been controversial, and Ehrlich’s 1968 statement that hundreds of millions of people would die of starvation in the 1970s did not come to pass, partly due to new high-yielding crops that Ehrlich himself had noted as possible.

Ehrlich has acknowledged “flaws” in The Population Bomb but said it had been successful in its central aim – alerting people to global environmental issues and the the role of human population in them. His message remains blunt today: “Show me a scientist who claims there is no population problem and I’ll show you an idiot.”