NIKE AIR MAX '95 MEN SIZE 10 NEW W/O BOX!!!!,Nike Flyknit Racer Multicolor 2.0 Multi Mens Runner Nikelab 526628-304 Size 11.5,Nike Roshe Two Flyknit Mens 844833-001 Black Dark Grey Running Shoes Size 9.5,Nike Air Max Sequent 3 Digi Camo Mens AJ0004-201 Olive Running Shoes Size 8Nike Air Max 1 Ultra 2.0 SE 875845-300 Cargo Khaki Militia Running Shoes Men's 9NEW Nike Air Max Siren Print 749815-010 Mens Shoes Trainers Sneakers SALE*New* Nike Kobe A.D. NXT “Mambacurial” Men’s Shoes Size 14 Navy 882049-400Nike Air Jordan Retro 10 X Cool Grey Infrared Black 310805-023 Size 13 Og AllNike Air Max 2 Uptempo Qs Mens Zapatillas de Baloncesto Tipo Botín 919831 300,Nike Air Jordan 1 Retro Ultra High White Black Size 11 Mens 844700-132,DS Nike Killshot 2 Men’s Size 11 New In Box (J.Crew),Nike Air Max Modern Flyknit Running Men Shoes Size,NIKE ACG KOMYUTER SE BIRCH SHADOW BROWN BLACK AA0531 200 US MENS SZ 10.5 RARENike Mamba Rage Mens 908972-002 Black Dark Grey Kobe Basketball Shoes Size 10.5,NIKE Air Max Command Gray White Red 629993-101,Nike Air Shake Ndestrukt Mens Black White Basketball Sneaker 880869 002 NIB,RARE Nike Waffle Racer '17 TXT Pale Grey White Platinum Shoes Sz 7.5 898041 001,Nike Lunarglide 9 X-Plore Mens 904745-001 Black Bronze Running Shoes Size 10,Nike Air More Uptempo Olympic Pippen Size 12,Nike Air Max Tavas Premium Zapatilla Deportiva De Tiempo Libre 898016-400Nike Flyknit Air Max 'Racer Blue' Running (Size 8) 620469-402,Nike Air Max 1 Watermelon South Beach Green Men Running Shoes Sneaker AH8145-106,NIKE AIR JORDAN 1 MID NOUVEAU COOL GREY WHITE GUM LIGHT BROWN 629151 007,Nike Air Unlimited Mens Size 10 Flax/Sail/Gum Light Brown/Outdoor Green 89013200,Nike Zoom Vaporfly 4% US8 UK7 NO FLYKNIT2005 Nike SB Dunk Low Premium De La Soul Rare Yellow Color Way Size 9.5,Nike  Air Presto Essential "White/White",Nike Auto Trainer (Neutral Grey|Vibrant Yellow) Sneakers 407935-002 Size 13,NIKE METCON 2 ID BLACK/VOLT-BLACK SIZE MEN'S 12 [846027-991]Nike Sb Air Max Bruin Vapor Scarpe Sportive Uomo 882097 Scarpe da Tennis 200,

2005 Men’s 9.5 Nike 314189 Air Stab Clerks Pack Size 9.5 Men’s Yellow Black White e77f9d

Researchers talk of ‘biological annihilation’ as study reveals billions of populations of animals have been lost in recent decades

This article is over 1 year old

A “biological annihilation” of wildlife in recent decades means a sixth mass extinction in Earth’s history is under way and is more severe than previously feared, according to research.

Scientists analysed both common and rare species and found billions of regional or local populations have been lost. They blame human overpopulation and overconsumption for the crisis and warn that it threatens the survival of human civilisation, with just a short window of time in which to act.

The study, published in the peer-reviewed journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, eschews the normally sober tone of scientific papers and calls the massive loss of wildlife a “biological annihilation” that represents a “frightening assault on the foundations of human civilisation”.

Prof Gerardo Ceballos, at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, who led the work, said: “The situation has become so bad it would not be ethical not to use strong language.”

Previous studies have shown species are becoming extinct at a significantly faster rate than for millions of years before, but even so extinctions remain relatively rare giving the impression of a gradual loss of biodiversity. The new work instead takes a broader view, assessing many common species which are losing populations all over the world as their ranges shrink, but remain present elsewhere.

The scientists found that a third of the thousands of species losing populations are not currently considered endangered and that up to 50% of all individual animals have been lost in recent decades. Detailed data is available for land mammals, and almost half of these have lost 80% of their range in the last century. The scientists found billions of populations of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians have been lost all over the planet, leading them to say a sixth mass extinction has already progressed further than was thought.

The scientists conclude: “The resulting biological annihilation obviously will have serious ecological, economic and social consequences. Humanity will eventually pay a very high price for the decimation of the only assemblage of life that we know of in the universe.”

They say, while action to halt the decline remains possible, the prospects do not look good: “All signs point to ever more powerful assaults on biodiversity in the next two decades, painting a dismal picture of the future of life, including human life.”

Freeman was part of the team that produced a 2014 analysis of 3000 species that indicated that 50% of individual animals have been lost since 1970, which tallies with the new work but was based on different IUCN data. He agreed strong language is needed: “We need people to be aware of the catastrophic declines we are seeing. I do think there is a place for that within the [new] paper, although it’s a fine line to draw.”

Citing human overpopulation as the root cause of environmental problems has long been controversial, and Ehrlich’s 1968 statement that hundreds of millions of people would die of starvation in the 1970s did not come to pass, partly due to new high-yielding crops that Ehrlich himself had noted as possible.

Ehrlich has acknowledged “flaws” in The Population Bomb but said it had been successful in its central aim – alerting people to global environmental issues and the the role of human population in them. His message remains blunt today: “Show me a scientist who claims there is no population problem and I’ll show you an idiot.”