Nike Air Max 1 Atmos Elephant 2007 ! US8 UK7 EU41 New DS OG ALL,Nike Air Force 1 Low All Star "Swoosh Pack" Black AH8462-002,Nike Men's Air Force 1 LNY Sneakers - Size 12 US, White,Nike Air Max BW ultra Mens Men Sneaker Blue Racer Size 11.5 Brand New,Nike Air Jordan XVI Retro Trophy Room /5000 16 French Blue XX3 23 XVII 17,Nike Air Jordan IV 4 Retro Military Blue SIZE 10.5 infared cement bred BRAND NEW,Vintage Nike Air Jordan 7 VII CDP RARE Sz 10 Max Kaws III IV XI sb ovo V Qs BullNike Air Force 1 Hi Premium AS iD Iridescent Chromeposite High NYC ASG SZ 15,Just Don Nike Air Jordan Legacy 312 Storm Blue White BlueAIR JORDAN 5 RETRO "SHANGHAI SHEN" - ITEM 2-337 STYLE 136027 009,Nike Air Jordan XI Retro Sz.13 Low Columbia Blue UNC 528895-106 NiB DS,Nike Air More Money QS 2018 Currency Pack US Dollar AJ7383-300 Size 6.5,Nike Air Structure Triax 91 Size 14 Infrared Laser Blue JD Patta Size? Kid Robot,Nike Air Jordan XXXI ‘Black Cat’ Basketball Trainers,Nike Air More Uptempo White Black Red Size 7.5. 414962-105 Jordan Pippen KobeNike Air Jordan 9 IX Retro MOP Melo White Brown Gold 302370-122 Carmelo Anthony,2002 Men's Nike Air Force 1 High Top Sneaker Black patent Sheed 11.5,AIR JORDAN 1 HIGH OG / HYPER ROYAL 29cm from japan (4069,THE 10: NEW NIKE AIR VAPORMAX FLYKNIT X OFF-WHITE AA3831-100 Size 9 MEN,NIKE AIR JORDAN 4 RETRO 30 TH TEAL 27.0 cm From Japan F / SNike Air Jordan 9 Retro SZ 13 Pantone Blue For The Love Of The Game 302370-401KDNIKE Men's Air Max 1 Premium Shoe Wolf Grey/White,NIKE KOBE A.D. "BLACK MAMBA" (AQ5164 001) TRAINERS,2016 Nike Air Jordan 2 II Retro Quai 54 Size 9. 866035-001 1 2 3 4 5 6 OVO Q54,DS 2017 Nike Air Max 1 MASTER AM1 910772-001 Sz 6 black red patta safari atmos,2011 Nike Air Jordan 13 Retro Playoff Size 10 414571-001 Black/White,NIKE AIR FOAMPOSITE PRO PRM AS QS ALL-STAR Vachetta Tan 5 Decades Sz Mens 1009 Nike Air Jordan V 5 Retro DMP RAGING BULL TORO FIRE RED Sz 12 1 XI IV Max 97,Air Jordan Retro 4 IV KAWS Black Size 11 100% AUTHENTIC,Nike Air Foamposite One XX (895320-500) Men's Shoes - Dark Neon Royal, 11.5 US,

Nike SF AF1 Air Force High Faded Olive New Mens Size 11 DS New Olive 859202-339 340792

Researchers talk of ‘biological annihilation’ as study reveals billions of populations of animals have been lost in recent decades

This article is over 1 year old
NIKE AIR FORCE 1 SUPREME HI HIGH DEEP BURGUNDY WORK BOOT 400895-600 US 11 white,

A “biological annihilation” of wildlife in recent decades means a sixth mass extinction in Earth’s history is under way and is more severe than previously feared, according to research.

Scientists analysed both common and rare species and found billions of regional or local populations have been lost. They blame human overpopulation and overconsumption for the crisis and warn that it threatens the survival of human civilisation, with just a short window of time in which to act.

The study, published in the peer-reviewed journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, eschews the normally sober tone of scientific papers and calls the massive loss of wildlife a “biological annihilation” that represents a “frightening assault on the foundations of human civilisation”.

Prof Gerardo Ceballos, at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, who led the work, said: “The situation has become so bad it would not be ethical not to use strong language.”

Previous studies have shown species are becoming extinct at a significantly faster rate than for millions of years before, but even so extinctions remain relatively rare giving the impression of a gradual loss of biodiversity. The new work instead takes a broader view, assessing many common species which are losing populations all over the world as their ranges shrink, but remain present elsewhere.

The scientists found that a third of the thousands of species losing populations are not currently considered endangered and that up to 50% of all individual animals have been lost in recent decades. Detailed data is available for land mammals, and almost half of these have lost 80% of their range in the last century. The scientists found billions of populations of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians have been lost all over the planet, leading them to say a sixth mass extinction has already progressed further than was thought.

The scientists conclude: “The resulting biological annihilation obviously will have serious ecological, economic and social consequences. Humanity will eventually pay a very high price for the decimation of the only assemblage of life that we know of in the universe.”

They say, while action to halt the decline remains possible, the prospects do not look good: “All signs point to ever more powerful assaults on biodiversity in the next two decades, painting a dismal picture of the future of life, including human life.”

Freeman was part of the team that produced a 2014 analysis of 3000 species that indicated that 50% of individual animals have been lost since 1970, which tallies with the new work but was based on different IUCN data. He agreed strong language is needed: “We need people to be aware of the catastrophic declines we are seeing. I do think there is a place for that within the [new] paper, although it’s a fine line to draw.”

Citing human overpopulation as the root cause of environmental problems has long been controversial, and Ehrlich’s 1968 statement that hundreds of millions of people would die of starvation in the 1970s did not come to pass, partly due to new high-yielding crops that Ehrlich himself had noted as possible.

Ehrlich has acknowledged “flaws” in The Population Bomb but said it had been successful in its central aim – alerting people to global environmental issues and the the role of human population in them. His message remains blunt today: “Show me a scientist who claims there is no population problem and I’ll show you an idiot.”