NIKE ACRONYM Akronium LUNAR FORCE 1 698699-001 sneaker BLACK US 9.5,Nike Air Jordan 1 Retro High OG x Off-White UNC Size 10 Virgil Abloh Authentic,2009 NIKE AIR JORDAN 5 RETRO RAGING BULL DMP,Nike Air Jordan 11 Low White Red Bottom Worn Size 12 XI Retro Cherry 528895-101,UNIQUE Nike Air Huarache Mowabb OG Acg Size 6.5 New Pre Lebron L A LAKERS NEWNike Air Jordan III 3 Black Cement Size 11 - With Original Box - Super Rare,Nike Premium LeBron 11 XI What The Size 8.5 650884-400 DS LBJ MULTI COLORNike Retro Air Jordan 1 Top 3 US 9 Bred Royal Chicago SBB BannedSupreme Nike NBA Air Force 1 Mid White Size 10.5 SS18,Air Jordan 8 OVO White sz 8,Nike HyperAdapt 1.0 TINKER BLUE Sport Royal SELF LACING 843871-400 SZ 9.5,Nike PENNY PACK QS SHARPIE AIR FOAMPOSITE ONE MAX PENNY VI 6 ORLANDO MAGIC NEW 8NIKE AIR JORDAN 11 RETRO LOW WHITE-VARSITY RED-BLACK SZ 9.5 [528895-102],Nike Air Vapormax Flyknit 2 Mens 942842-006 Team Red Blue Running Shoes Sz 10.5,Air Jordan Retro 7 Hare CDP Sz 11 2008 Bordeaux Raptor Olympic Cigar ChampagneNike Air Max 90 Ultra 2 .0 Essen Hombre Running Zapatillas número 7.5 9,Retro 13 Love & Respect Sz 13,AIR JORDAN 6 RETRO "OREO" - ITEM 965-1 STYLE 384664 101W/ RECEIPT STOCK X Nike React Element 87 The Prequel Light Bone 10 Sail Orange,NIKE AIR YEEZY 2 NRG KANYE WEST BLACK SOLAR RED 508214-006 Size 11Nike Kobe 1 Protro TV PE 13 "DeMar DeRozan PE" - AR4595 600,NIKE LEBRON 9 P.S. ELITE - SOUTH BEACH - SIZE 11.5 - RARE LIMITED,Nike Air Jordan 3 Retro Tinker NRG Size 11 White Black Fire Red AQ3835 160 NIB,Size US 8 Black PSNY x Air Force 1 High Authentic with Invoice,Nike Air Jordan 1 Mid Team Red/Black Trainers **BRAND NEW IN BOX**,NIKE AIR FORCE 1 HIGH GYM RED, YELLOW, X RICCARDO TISCI SZ 11.5 AQ3366-600,NEW 2004 NIKE AIR JORDAN XIII RETRO 13 BLACK/RED 309259-061 SZ 13 BRED ,NIKE AIR MAX 95 ID NEON PATENT 314350-992 US 11 blends og white greedy atmosNike Kobe 9 Elite Low "Moonwalk" - 639045 515,Nike Hiperadapt 1.0 team Orange 8.5us,


Researchers talk of ‘biological annihilation’ as study reveals billions of populations of animals have been lost in recent decades

This article is over 1 year old

A “biological annihilation” of wildlife in recent decades means a sixth mass extinction in Earth’s history is under way and is more severe than previously feared, according to research.

Scientists analysed both common and rare species and found billions of regional or local populations have been lost. They blame human overpopulation and overconsumption for the crisis and warn that it threatens the survival of human civilisation, with just a short window of time in which to act.

The study, published in the peer-reviewed journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, eschews the normally sober tone of scientific papers and calls the massive loss of wildlife a “biological annihilation” that represents a “frightening assault on the foundations of human civilisation”.

Prof Gerardo Ceballos, at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, who led the work, said: “The situation has become so bad it would not be ethical not to use strong language.”

Previous studies have shown species are becoming extinct at a significantly faster rate than for millions of years before, but even so extinctions remain relatively rare giving the impression of a gradual loss of biodiversity. The new work instead takes a broader view, assessing many common species which are losing populations all over the world as their ranges shrink, but remain present elsewhere.

The scientists found that a third of the thousands of species losing populations are not currently considered endangered and that up to 50% of all individual animals have been lost in recent decades. Detailed data is available for land mammals, and almost half of these have lost 80% of their range in the last century. The scientists found billions of populations of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians have been lost all over the planet, leading them to say a sixth mass extinction has already progressed further than was thought.

The scientists conclude: “The resulting biological annihilation obviously will have serious ecological, economic and social consequences. Humanity will eventually pay a very high price for the decimation of the only assemblage of life that we know of in the universe.”

They say, while action to halt the decline remains possible, the prospects do not look good: “All signs point to ever more powerful assaults on biodiversity in the next two decades, painting a dismal picture of the future of life, including human life.”

Freeman was part of the team that produced a 2014 analysis of 3000 species that indicated that 50% of individual animals have been lost since 1970, which tallies with the new work but was based on different IUCN data. He agreed strong language is needed: “We need people to be aware of the catastrophic declines we are seeing. I do think there is a place for that within the [new] paper, although it’s a fine line to draw.”

Citing human overpopulation as the root cause of environmental problems has long been controversial, and Ehrlich’s 1968 statement that hundreds of millions of people would die of starvation in the 1970s did not come to pass, partly due to new high-yielding crops that Ehrlich himself had noted as possible.

Ehrlich has acknowledged “flaws” in The Population Bomb but said it had been successful in its central aim – alerting people to global environmental issues and the the role of human population in them. His message remains blunt today: “Show me a scientist who claims there is no population problem and I’ll show you an idiot.”