NIKE AIR JORDAN DMP FINALS PACK DEFINING MOMENTS SIZE MEN'S 10.5 [897563-900]NIKE AIR JORDAN 5 RETRO "HORNETS" [136027 405] MEN'S SIZE: 9,Air Presto Off - White (2018) 100% Authentic,Nike Lunar Control Vapor 2 QS Mens Size 10 Golf Shoes Magnolia Masters AJ3806Nike Kobe AD Passion, 922482-600, US 8.5, Habanero Red & Black,Nike Jordan Retro 6 "Black UNC", 384664-006 Brand New DS, Size 14,Nike Air Jordan V 5 Retro OLYMPIC INDEPENDENCE DAY WHITE BLUE RED 136027-103 7Nike Lebron 16 “1 Thru 5” (What The 1-5) Size 12 BQ6580-900NIKE AIR MAX 95 OG "2015" 554970-071 black/volt-medium ash-dk pwtr Size 11,Sample Nike Feng Tay Air Force One Shoes Size 16 Very Rare,NIKE KOBE IX 9 EM PREMIUM CRIMSON LASER US 7.5 HTM INFLUENCE PRELUDENike Air Presto Mid Acronym Size 12,Nike x Kim Jones Air Max 360 Hi White AO2312-100,Men's Nike Air Max 90 NS GPX "Big Logo" Athletic Fashion Sneakers AJ7182 001,2000 Nike Air Jordan XI 11 Retro WHITE BLACK CONCORD SPACE JAM 136046-101 NEW 10,Nike Air Jordan 1 Retro Yellow Ochre 555088 109 Mens Sizes 8-12 Shoes NEW,Nike What The KD6 Premium In Original Box Size 11.5DS NIB Air Max 90 PremiumOscar Delahoya 313650 102 Size 9.5,Unreleased Nike Air Jordan 13 Retro Promo Sample SZ 14 Richard RIP Hamilton PE,Air Jordan DMP 7 Pack,2017 Nike Air Jordan XI Retro 11 WIN LIKE '96 "Gym Red" 378037-623 Size: 10,NIKE AIR MAX 97 ATLANTIC BLUE-VOLTAGE YELLOW SZ 14 [921826-401],DS NIKE 1996 AIR JORDAN XII FLU GAME BRED OG 9 VINTAGE I III IV V VI VIII X XI,JOHN ELLIOT x NIKE VANDAL HIGH SUPREME LTR (AH8518 600) TRAINERS,Air Jordan 11 Retro "Win Like '96" GYM RED/BLACK-WHITE 378037 623 Nike Size 9.5Mens Nike Air Jordan Retro Vii Sneakers New, Black Raptors 304775-018 sz 10.5AIR MORE UPTEMPO air More up-tempo 29cm from japan (5540,Nike Zoom Vaporfly 4% Flyknit Bright Crimson US 10.5NIKE DUNK LOW PRO SB DIAMOND SUPPLY SIZE 9.5 PARIS LONDON TOKYO AQUA NEW PIGEON,Nike Air Presto X Off White “White” Size US 6,

Nike Air Jordan Retro 1 "Royal Blue" High Retro Jordan OG 2017 9182a3

Researchers talk of ‘biological annihilation’ as study reveals billions of populations of animals have been lost in recent decades

This article is over 1 year old
Nike PG 1 Promo "EYBL/Elite Youth Basketball League" - 942303 001,

A “biological annihilation” of wildlife in recent decades means a sixth mass extinction in Earth’s history is under way and is more severe than previously feared, according to research.

Scientists analysed both common and rare species and found billions of regional or local populations have been lost. They blame human overpopulation and overconsumption for the crisis and warn that it threatens the survival of human civilisation, with just a short window of time in which to act.

The study, published in the peer-reviewed journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, eschews the normally sober tone of scientific papers and calls the massive loss of wildlife a “biological annihilation” that represents a “frightening assault on the foundations of human civilisation”.

Prof Gerardo Ceballos, at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, who led the work, said: “The situation has become so bad it would not be ethical not to use strong language.”

Previous studies have shown species are becoming extinct at a significantly faster rate than for millions of years before, but even so extinctions remain relatively rare giving the impression of a gradual loss of biodiversity. The new work instead takes a broader view, assessing many common species which are losing populations all over the world as their ranges shrink, but remain present elsewhere.

The scientists found that a third of the thousands of species losing populations are not currently considered endangered and that up to 50% of all individual animals have been lost in recent decades. Detailed data is available for land mammals, and almost half of these have lost 80% of their range in the last century. The scientists found billions of populations of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians have been lost all over the planet, leading them to say a sixth mass extinction has already progressed further than was thought.

The scientists conclude: “The resulting biological annihilation obviously will have serious ecological, economic and social consequences. Humanity will eventually pay a very high price for the decimation of the only assemblage of life that we know of in the universe.”

They say, while action to halt the decline remains possible, the prospects do not look good: “All signs point to ever more powerful assaults on biodiversity in the next two decades, painting a dismal picture of the future of life, including human life.”

Freeman was part of the team that produced a 2014 analysis of 3000 species that indicated that 50% of individual animals have been lost since 1970, which tallies with the new work but was based on different IUCN data. He agreed strong language is needed: “We need people to be aware of the catastrophic declines we are seeing. I do think there is a place for that within the [new] paper, although it’s a fine line to draw.”

Citing human overpopulation as the root cause of environmental problems has long been controversial, and Ehrlich’s 1968 statement that hundreds of millions of people would die of starvation in the 1970s did not come to pass, partly due to new high-yielding crops that Ehrlich himself had noted as possible.

Ehrlich has acknowledged “flaws” in The Population Bomb but said it had been successful in its central aim – alerting people to global environmental issues and the the role of human population in them. His message remains blunt today: “Show me a scientist who claims there is no population problem and I’ll show you an idiot.”