Nike Air Jordan Retro 3 III INFRARED White Black 23 JTH Tinker Cement 88 Sz 16,Air Jordan 3 Retro JTH NRG,NEW Nike Air Max 97 OG QS Metallic Gold Varsity Red 884421-700 Sz. 9.5,AIR JORDAN 3 RETRO "2011 RELEASE" Size 12M,Nike Air Max 90 Ultra Mid Winter UK Size 9.5,Nike Air Jordan 6 VI Retro “Black” Size 13.,Nike Air Jordan 11 XI Retro Low Black Red Bred White 2015 SZ 10 (528895-012),Size 17 Nike Men AIR JORDAN 10 RETRO NYC 310805 012 Black Gold,Brand New Nike Foamposite One Black Stealth DS US 10.5,2016 Nike Zoom KOBE IV 4 FTB FADE TO BLACK MAMBA DUST GREY 869450-005 NEW 9.5,NIKE KOBE 10 X HTM ElLIT Sz US UK7 8 9 10 11 12 13 BLACK 805937-002 PRELUDE 2015NIKE AIR JORDAN 11 RETRO "COLUMBIA" LEGEND BLUE SZ: MEN'S 8.5 (378037 117),NIKE AIR MORE UPTEMPO 96 WHITE ROYAL BLUE KNICKS PIPPEN 921948 101 SIZE 12.5,Jordan Retro 10 Liberty All Star SZ 12 1 2 3 4 5 AUTHENTIC CAPTAIN JACK,Nike KD IV 4 Aunt Pearl Size 11 Pre-Owned 473679-601 Kevin Durant 35,2012 NIKE AIR JORDAN RETRO VII 7 OLYMPICS US 10.5 RECEIPT OLYMPICNike Air Jordan 5 Retro V NRG "Fresh Prince of Bel Air" Grape AV3919-135 Size 15,Nike Air More Uptempo 96 Doernbecher (Brody Miller) Size 13 jordan 1 xii xiii vi,Unreleased Nike Air Jordan 13 Retro Promo Sample SZ 14 Richard RIP Hamilton PE,NEW 2003 NIKE AIR JORDAN 8 VIII RETRO BUGS BUNNY WHITE BLACK TRUE RED SIZE 9,Nike Air Jordan 12 Flu Game Size 10 With Receipt XII Black Red Bred 130690-002,Nike Air Max 97 Just Do It Mens AT8437-001 Black Orange Running Shoes Size 12,NIKE SB Dunk Low TRD QS Mens,Nike SB Dunk Low Pro IW Premium "Green Glow" 819674-301 US 11.5,BRAND NEW DS NIKE AIR JORDAN IV 4 RETRO "OREO" SIZE 12,DS Nike Air Jordan III Quai 54 Q54 SE Sz 12 Black 3 V Wings I Grape Off White XI,Ship immediately SB Dunk ugly sweater 26.5cm from japan (5409,Nike Air Vapor Max Plus Sneakers Blue Sail Size 8 9 10 11 12 Mens Shoes New,DS RARE NIKE KD 8 ELITE UCONN HUSKIES PE SAMPLE WHAT THE WTKD NMD ULTRA BOOST PK,Nike Air Max 1 QS "The 6" Size US 10.5,

Nike White Zoom Fly Mercurial Off White Nike Black (Size 6) c701b0

Researchers talk of ‘biological annihilation’ as study reveals billions of populations of animals have been lost in recent decades

This article is over 1 year old
Nike Air Foamposite One PRM "Safari" - 575420 003,

A “biological annihilation” of wildlife in recent decades means a sixth mass extinction in Earth’s history is under way and is more severe than previously feared, according to research.

Scientists analysed both common and rare species and found billions of regional or local populations have been lost. They blame human overpopulation and overconsumption for the crisis and warn that it threatens the survival of human civilisation, with just a short window of time in which to act.

The study, published in the peer-reviewed journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, eschews the normally sober tone of scientific papers and calls the massive loss of wildlife a “biological annihilation” that represents a “frightening assault on the foundations of human civilisation”.

Prof Gerardo Ceballos, at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, who led the work, said: “The situation has become so bad it would not be ethical not to use strong language.”

Previous studies have shown species are becoming extinct at a significantly faster rate than for millions of years before, but even so extinctions remain relatively rare giving the impression of a gradual loss of biodiversity. The new work instead takes a broader view, assessing many common species which are losing populations all over the world as their ranges shrink, but remain present elsewhere.

The scientists found that a third of the thousands of species losing populations are not currently considered endangered and that up to 50% of all individual animals have been lost in recent decades. Detailed data is available for land mammals, and almost half of these have lost 80% of their range in the last century. The scientists found billions of populations of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians have been lost all over the planet, leading them to say a sixth mass extinction has already progressed further than was thought.

The scientists conclude: “The resulting biological annihilation obviously will have serious ecological, economic and social consequences. Humanity will eventually pay a very high price for the decimation of the only assemblage of life that we know of in the universe.”

They say, while action to halt the decline remains possible, the prospects do not look good: “All signs point to ever more powerful assaults on biodiversity in the next two decades, painting a dismal picture of the future of life, including human life.”

Freeman was part of the team that produced a 2014 analysis of 3000 species that indicated that 50% of individual animals have been lost since 1970, which tallies with the new work but was based on different IUCN data. He agreed strong language is needed: “We need people to be aware of the catastrophic declines we are seeing. I do think there is a place for that within the [new] paper, although it’s a fine line to draw.”

Citing human overpopulation as the root cause of environmental problems has long been controversial, and Ehrlich’s 1968 statement that hundreds of millions of people would die of starvation in the 1970s did not come to pass, partly due to new high-yielding crops that Ehrlich himself had noted as possible.

Ehrlich has acknowledged “flaws” in The Population Bomb but said it had been successful in its central aim – alerting people to global environmental issues and the the role of human population in them. His message remains blunt today: “Show me a scientist who claims there is no population problem and I’ll show you an idiot.”