Nike Air Max 95 Premium SE Size 10 Vachetta Tan Snake Elemental Gold 924478-201,2013 NIKE AIR JORDAN 10 X RETRO STEEL Size 12. 310805-103 1 2 3 4 5 6 db bred,NIKE AIR MAX WOVEN BOOT SE ah8139-400 dark obsidian/dark obsidian Size 9,Nike Air Jordan V Retro 5 Fire Red 2006 136027 162 size 10.5 NIB2001 Nike Air Jordan XI 11 Retro COOL GREY WHITE BLACK PATENT 136046-011 11.5,Mens sz 10.5 Air Jordan VI 6 Infrared Pack 398850 901 DS/VNDSNike Air Max '90 Sz 12 BRS Blue Ribbon Sports Lemonade USED WORN 314206-581 C,adidas YEEZY boost V2 350 25.5cm F36980 from japan (2969,Nike Air Max Plus Armory Navy Pure Platinum Tart 852630-403 Mens Sz 11,NIKE AIRJORDAN 4 LEVIS Supreme Sneakers kn1526 Black Denim US 9.5 27.5 cm,Nike Air Jordan 1 Retro Hi Flyknit “Wolf Grey” ~ 919704 025 ~ Size 8.5,Nike Lebron 15 Red Diamond Turf A09144-600 lot,Nike Air Jordan XX 20 Retro BLACK STEALTH GREY RED WHITE LASER 310455-002 NEW 13,Rare NIKE LEBRON 10 X CORK EXT QS DS Size 9.5,NIKE AIR VAPORMAX 95 YELLOW GRADATION from japan (2515,off white x nike air max 97,Nike AIRMAX95 ANIMAL PAC 28.0 US10 from japan (4388,Nike Air Jordan 5 Retro University Shoes - Size 8.5, Red/BlackAIR JORDAN 6 RETRO SPIZIKE VARSITY RED/CLSSC SIZE 12 (S09084536),Nike LeBron Soldier 11 Mens Black/Black Gum/Light Brown/Total Crimson 97644007,Brand New In The Box Nike Foamposit ONE PRM 575420-003 Size 13,Nike Lebron 15 XV size 14. Black Gold Clear. 897648-006 . Flyknit.2016 Nike Air Jordan Retro XI 11 Space Jam size 12.5 still in footlocker package,Nike Air Jordan 11 XI Retro Space Jam Concord White Black SZ 15 (378037-003),Nike Kobe I 1 Prelude Pack Retro DS Size 11,AIR JORDAN 1 X “OFF-WHITE” 2018 - ITEM NUMBER 1-543,Nike Air Foamposite One Mens 314996-301 Legion Green Basketball Shoes Size 9Nike KD 8 VIII PG County Mens 749375-050 Grey Durant Basketball Shoes Size 10.5,New Men's Nike Air Court Ballistic 4.1 3 Pairs Size 10,Nike Vapormax Olive Size 9.5,

DS Nike Air Max 98 SUPREME White Silver Snakeskin 844694-100 11 SS16 AM98 Sz 8.5 11 844694-100 2eb23b

Researchers talk of ‘biological annihilation’ as study reveals billions of populations of animals have been lost in recent decades

This article is over 1 year old

A “biological annihilation” of wildlife in recent decades means a sixth mass extinction in Earth’s history is under way and is more severe than previously feared, according to research.

Scientists analysed both common and rare species and found billions of regional or local populations have been lost. They blame human overpopulation and overconsumption for the crisis and warn that it threatens the survival of human civilisation, with just a short window of time in which to act.

The study, published in the peer-reviewed journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, eschews the normally sober tone of scientific papers and calls the massive loss of wildlife a “biological annihilation” that represents a “frightening assault on the foundations of human civilisation”.

Prof Gerardo Ceballos, at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, who led the work, said: “The situation has become so bad it would not be ethical not to use strong language.”

Previous studies have shown species are becoming extinct at a significantly faster rate than for millions of years before, but even so extinctions remain relatively rare giving the impression of a gradual loss of biodiversity. The new work instead takes a broader view, assessing many common species which are losing populations all over the world as their ranges shrink, but remain present elsewhere.

The scientists found that a third of the thousands of species losing populations are not currently considered endangered and that up to 50% of all individual animals have been lost in recent decades. Detailed data is available for land mammals, and almost half of these have lost 80% of their range in the last century. The scientists found billions of populations of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians have been lost all over the planet, leading them to say a sixth mass extinction has already progressed further than was thought.

The scientists conclude: “The resulting biological annihilation obviously will have serious ecological, economic and social consequences. Humanity will eventually pay a very high price for the decimation of the only assemblage of life that we know of in the universe.”

They say, while action to halt the decline remains possible, the prospects do not look good: “All signs point to ever more powerful assaults on biodiversity in the next two decades, painting a dismal picture of the future of life, including human life.”

Freeman was part of the team that produced a 2014 analysis of 3000 species that indicated that 50% of individual animals have been lost since 1970, which tallies with the new work but was based on different IUCN data. He agreed strong language is needed: “We need people to be aware of the catastrophic declines we are seeing. I do think there is a place for that within the [new] paper, although it’s a fine line to draw.”

Citing human overpopulation as the root cause of environmental problems has long been controversial, and Ehrlich’s 1968 statement that hundreds of millions of people would die of starvation in the 1970s did not come to pass, partly due to new high-yielding crops that Ehrlich himself had noted as possible.

Ehrlich has acknowledged “flaws” in The Population Bomb but said it had been successful in its central aim – alerting people to global environmental issues and the the role of human population in them. His message remains blunt today: “Show me a scientist who claims there is no population problem and I’ll show you an idiot.”