Nike KD Kevin Durant 8 VIII EXT Size US 9,NIKE KOBE A.D. ID COOL GREY/METALLIC GOLD-BLACK SIZE MEN'S 10.5Nike Pittsburgh Steelers Free Trainer V7 NFL Shoes AA1948-002 Size 13 M US,NIKE AIR JORDAN AJF12 BLACK-BLUE SAPPHIRE-CYBER SZ 9.5,NIKE AIR MAX FOAMDOME FOAMPOSITE BOOT Eggplant Varsity Purple Snow Rain Hiki,NIKE Zoom Hypercross TR2 (Navy/Blue Lagoon/Hyper Orange),NIKE AIR JORDAN WHITE RETRO 10 SNEAKERS SIZE 13 PRE-OWNED MICHAEL JORDAN,Nike Kobe Bryant XI TB Promo Game Royal Blue (856485-441) Men's Size 16NIKE HUARACHE RUN VARSITY RED ALL RED RUNNING MEN SIZE 12.5 ,Nike Air More Uptempo Shoes Sneakers Black Pippen 312971-011 Retro 2005 VintageMen's Nike Flyknit Racer Golf Shoes Oreo White 909756-001 Size 12 NO BOX TOP,JORDAN SUPER.FLY 3 PO MEN SIZE 10.0 BLACK TURQUOISE NEW AUTHENTIC RARE,Nike Air Force 1 '07 AS QS "90/10" - AH6767 001,NEW Nike Kyrie 4 All Star Tie Dye Shoes Men's Size 11 Black Purple AQ8623-001Nike Free Trainer 5.0 NRG Mens Shoe size 10 579813-003 Black/Green/Crimson,Nike Air Free Trainer 5.0 V7 Amp Ohio State OSU Buckeyes Week 0 Zero AA0881 605NIKE AIR MAX 90 PREMIUM+ 315908-001 black/black-azure-neutral grey Size 10.5,KD 5 Aunt Pearl Kay Yow BCA Size 14 Brand New Deadstock DS Sneakers,Nike Air Jordan XX9 29 Low Jimmy Butler PE SZ 11,Air Jordan 1 Retro High Gatorade Shoes Orange Peel AJ5997-880 Size 11Nike Air Huarache Run Obsidian Navy Gym Blue 318429-420 Size 8-13,Nike Air Trainer Sc High Mens Style : 302346,Nike Flex Experience 7 Trainers Mens Black Athletic Sneakers Shoes,NIKE AIR JORDAN 1 RETRO 95 TXT BLACK-TRUE RED-WHITE "BRED" 616369-001 sz 7.5,NIKE AIRMAX 90 ESSENTIAL SOUH BEACH WATERMELON MIAMI MEN'S SZ 8-13,Nike Free RN Distance 2 running shoe NEW black grey white US Size 10 Men’s NEW,Nike MEN'S Air Huarache Ultra Bright Crimson/Pale Grey/White SIZE 9 BRAND NEWNike Air Max Modern Flyknit Running Men Shoes SizeNike Air Bakin Posites Metallic Mens Size 8.5 Style,NIKE AIR FORCE 1 MID '07 TXT LIGHT BONE DARK IRIS SUMMIT WHITE PURPLE AJ9514-003,


Researchers talk of ‘biological annihilation’ as study reveals billions of populations of animals have been lost in recent decades

This article is over 1 year old
Nike Air Max 1 Flyknit WHITE UNIVERSITY RED 843384-101 sz 8.5 DAY 90 ZERO PLUS,

A “biological annihilation” of wildlife in recent decades means a sixth mass extinction in Earth’s history is under way and is more severe than previously feared, according to research.

Scientists analysed both common and rare species and found billions of regional or local populations have been lost. They blame human overpopulation and overconsumption for the crisis and warn that it threatens the survival of human civilisation, with just a short window of time in which to act.

The study, published in the peer-reviewed journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, eschews the normally sober tone of scientific papers and calls the massive loss of wildlife a “biological annihilation” that represents a “frightening assault on the foundations of human civilisation”.

Prof Gerardo Ceballos, at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, who led the work, said: “The situation has become so bad it would not be ethical not to use strong language.”

Previous studies have shown species are becoming extinct at a significantly faster rate than for millions of years before, but even so extinctions remain relatively rare giving the impression of a gradual loss of biodiversity. The new work instead takes a broader view, assessing many common species which are losing populations all over the world as their ranges shrink, but remain present elsewhere.

The scientists found that a third of the thousands of species losing populations are not currently considered endangered and that up to 50% of all individual animals have been lost in recent decades. Detailed data is available for land mammals, and almost half of these have lost 80% of their range in the last century. The scientists found billions of populations of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians have been lost all over the planet, leading them to say a sixth mass extinction has already progressed further than was thought.

The scientists conclude: “The resulting biological annihilation obviously will have serious ecological, economic and social consequences. Humanity will eventually pay a very high price for the decimation of the only assemblage of life that we know of in the universe.”

They say, while action to halt the decline remains possible, the prospects do not look good: “All signs point to ever more powerful assaults on biodiversity in the next two decades, painting a dismal picture of the future of life, including human life.”

Freeman was part of the team that produced a 2014 analysis of 3000 species that indicated that 50% of individual animals have been lost since 1970, which tallies with the new work but was based on different IUCN data. He agreed strong language is needed: “We need people to be aware of the catastrophic declines we are seeing. I do think there is a place for that within the [new] paper, although it’s a fine line to draw.”

Citing human overpopulation as the root cause of environmental problems has long been controversial, and Ehrlich’s 1968 statement that hundreds of millions of people would die of starvation in the 1970s did not come to pass, partly due to new high-yielding crops that Ehrlich himself had noted as possible.

Ehrlich has acknowledged “flaws” in The Population Bomb but said it had been successful in its central aim – alerting people to global environmental issues and the the role of human population in them. His message remains blunt today: “Show me a scientist who claims there is no population problem and I’ll show you an idiot.”