Nike Air Jordan I AJ 1 High Clay Green 555088-135 US 8.5-10.5 Summit White Black,NIKE Lebron XV 15 "City Edition" Men's sz 12 Wolf Grey Gold 897648 005,NIKE KOBE 8 VIII ALL STAR GALAXY US 14 AREA 72 AS SYSTEM WHAT THE 10,Nike Air Jordan 1 Bred 2016 Size 9 Men High OG (Worn 3 Times Lightly),Nike Zoom Vapor RF X AM 95 Size 10.5 Roger Federer limited Black Volt AO8759 078Air Nike Jordan Retro 1 High OG Court Purple Sail 555088-501 Men 10.5 green bred,Nike Air Max 95 Size 11 DLX Atmos Safari Animal Pack 2.0 Limited Edition,Jordan 11 Black Red Playoffs Size 14 10/10 Condition 2012,Nike Air Jordan 6 & 7 Retro Golden Moments Pack 535357-935 Size 8.5,NIKE AIR JORDAN I 1 WHITE BLACK RED CHICAGO 2013 OG RETRO ORIGINAL Size 12,Nike Zoom Fly Mercurial Off White Black (Size 6),NIKE AIR Jordan 11Lab4 Size 9.5 Newnike air max 1/97 sw sean wotherspoon,Nike LeBron 15 XV Kith Ronnie Fieg Perf Suit of Armor Black Size 11.5 AJ3936-001,Nike Air Jordan 11 Retro Gamma Blue Men's Sz 9.5 ListSupreme x Nike Air Max 98 Triple Black Noir Size 9.5 3M New in Box1994 Nike Air Jordan 1 retro SAMPLE bred og banned 9 made in Taiwan 130207-061,Nike Air Jordan 12 Retro PSNY Size 10 Men Shoes VVNDS,Nike Kyrie Irving 3 III Bruce Lee Mamba Mentality MM AJ1672 700 Yellow Black Red,2018 Nike Air Jordan 18 XVIII Retro White Royal Blue Size 13. AA2494-106NEW in Box Nike Air Max 90 OG SZ 10 Infrared 2015 725233-106 RARENike Air Jordan 1 "Royal Blue" High Retro OG 2017,Parra Nike Air Maxim 1+ Lovely Loners Rivalry Pack 366488-001 Size 12 Off-White,Nike Air Jordan XIII Retro 13 DB Doernbecher John Charles 836405-305,DS Nike Air Jordan Retro XI 11 Blk Red Bred Sz. 10.5,Air Jordan 5 Retro LS “Burgundy 2006” Sz 10.5 314259-602 Never worn,Nike OFF-WHITE Zoom Fly Mercurial Black AO2115 001 size 10.5 DS 100% authentic,NIKE AIR MORE UPTEMPO Tri Color 921948 002 Grey Black White Scottie Pippen Size,NDS Nike Air Max 90 Hyp Prm QS What The Max Olympic 532306 160 Size 10 BeijingNike Air Flight 1 One NRG Galaxy Silver 3m Black Glow Sneakers Men's Size 12 New

Nike LeBron 441946-601 8 P.S. Playoffs NBA Finals 441946-601 LeBron Red/White/Black Size 11 f6867f

Researchers talk of ‘biological annihilation’ as study reveals billions of populations of animals have been lost in recent decades

This article is over 1 year old

A “biological annihilation” of wildlife in recent decades means a sixth mass extinction in Earth’s history is under way and is more severe than previously feared, according to research.

Scientists analysed both common and rare species and found billions of regional or local populations have been lost. They blame human overpopulation and overconsumption for the crisis and warn that it threatens the survival of human civilisation, with just a short window of time in which to act.

The study, published in the peer-reviewed journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, eschews the normally sober tone of scientific papers and calls the massive loss of wildlife a “biological annihilation” that represents a “frightening assault on the foundations of human civilisation”.

Prof Gerardo Ceballos, at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, who led the work, said: “The situation has become so bad it would not be ethical not to use strong language.”

Previous studies have shown species are becoming extinct at a significantly faster rate than for millions of years before, but even so extinctions remain relatively rare giving the impression of a gradual loss of biodiversity. The new work instead takes a broader view, assessing many common species which are losing populations all over the world as their ranges shrink, but remain present elsewhere.

The scientists found that a third of the thousands of species losing populations are not currently considered endangered and that up to 50% of all individual animals have been lost in recent decades. Detailed data is available for land mammals, and almost half of these have lost 80% of their range in the last century. The scientists found billions of populations of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians have been lost all over the planet, leading them to say a sixth mass extinction has already progressed further than was thought.

The scientists conclude: “The resulting biological annihilation obviously will have serious ecological, economic and social consequences. Humanity will eventually pay a very high price for the decimation of the only assemblage of life that we know of in the universe.”

They say, while action to halt the decline remains possible, the prospects do not look good: “All signs point to ever more powerful assaults on biodiversity in the next two decades, painting a dismal picture of the future of life, including human life.”

Freeman was part of the team that produced a 2014 analysis of 3000 species that indicated that 50% of individual animals have been lost since 1970, which tallies with the new work but was based on different IUCN data. He agreed strong language is needed: “We need people to be aware of the catastrophic declines we are seeing. I do think there is a place for that within the [new] paper, although it’s a fine line to draw.”

Citing human overpopulation as the root cause of environmental problems has long been controversial, and Ehrlich’s 1968 statement that hundreds of millions of people would die of starvation in the 1970s did not come to pass, partly due to new high-yielding crops that Ehrlich himself had noted as possible.

Ehrlich has acknowledged “flaws” in The Population Bomb but said it had been successful in its central aim – alerting people to global environmental issues and the the role of human population in them. His message remains blunt today: “Show me a scientist who claims there is no population problem and I’ll show you an idiot.”